What follows is a basic discussion on our long-only Focused Value and Momentum Factor Indexes. Additional information on these Indexes, as well as our alternative and tactical indexes, are available on our Index site.(1)

For advanced users, we provide quarterly attribution materials and a wealth of additional analytics on our index site. The goal of the site is to enhance the transparency and understanding of our processes.

If you have suggestions/comments, please reach out and let us know.

Focused Factors Index Background

Readers can learn more about the underlying processes of our Focused Factor Indexes via the links below:

The process for the Quantitative Value Indexes can be summarized as follows:

The Index seeks to buy the cheapest, highest quality value stocks

The process for the Quantitative Momentum Indexes can be summarized as follows:

The Index seeks to buy stocks with the highest quality momentum.

Index Active Share

Source: FactSet. The results are hypothetical results and are NOT an indicator of future results and do NOT represent returns that any investor attained. Please see disclosures for additional information. Additional information regarding the construction of these results is available upon request. Indexes are unmanaged, do not reflect management or trading fees, and one cannot invest directly in an index. Active share is the percentage of a portfolio’s stock holdings that differ from its benchmark index. It is based on the weightings of securities in a portfolio compared with those of the benchmark and can be used as a measure of the degree of a portfolio’s active management. For example, an 80% active share means that 80% of the fund’s holdings deviate from its benchmark.

Active Share Summary

Our Quantitative Value and Quantitative Momentum Indexes exhibit a high degree of differentiation from standard benchmarks.

Active Share Details

  • Active Share = A measure of how different a strategy is from a benchmark. (details)
    • US Index Benchmark = S&P 500
    • International Index Benchmark = MSCI EAFE

Index Key Characteristics

Source: FactSet. The results are hypothetical results and are NOT an indicator of future results and do NOT represent returns that any investor attained. Please see disclosures for additional information. Additional information regarding the construction of these results is available upon request. Indexes are unmanaged, do not reflect management or trading fees, and one cannot invest directly in an index.

Key Characteristics Summary

  • US (QV Index)
    • Smaller; cheaper; lower momentum; and higher quality than the market-cap weighted Indexes.
  • International (IQV Index)
    • Smaller; cheaper; lower momentum; and higher quality than the market-cap weighted Indexes.
  • US (QM Index)
    • Smaller; more expensive; high momentum; and lower quality than the market-cap weighted Indexes.
  • International (IQM Index)
    • Smaller; more expensive; high momentum; and higher quality than the market-cap weighted Indexes.

Key Characteristics Details

  • Size = Market Capitalization
  • Value = EBIT/TEV (details)
  • Momentum = 12-2 Momentum (details)
  • Quality = Return on Assets

Index Performance Summary

The results are hypothetical results and are NOT an indicator of future results and do NOT represent returns that any investor attained. Please see disclosures for additional information. Additional information regarding the construction of these results is available upon request. Indexes are unmanaged, do not reflect management or trading fees, and one cannot invest directly in an index.

Performance Summary

  • QV gained 13.79% in Q1, bringing the 1 year figure to -5.19%.
  • IQV gained 10.75% in Q1, bringing the 1 year figure to -12.78%.
  • QM gained 16.20% in Q1, bringing the 1 year figure to -1.81%.
  • IQM gained 9.78% in Q1, bringing the 1 year figure to -17.29%.

Performance Commentary 

  • How factors contributed to US returns
    • For Q1 2019, beta (market), size, and quality factors outperformed the broad market.
    • While our QV & QM indexes overall outperformed the market in Q1, the value and momentum factors were negative for returns. We still believe owning cheap instead of expensive stocks and strong instead of weak stocks will be rewarded over the long term.
  • How factors contributed to International returns
    • For Q1 2019, beta (market), value, momentum, and quality factors outperformed the broad market.
    • IQV outperformed the broader market, whereas IQM lagged. Based off of historical results, it is to be expected that the two indexes are reasonably uncorrelated.
  • Additional thoughts
    • Q1 2019 was much better than Q4 2018 and highlights both the pain and the potential gain from investing in focused factor portfolios. We believe size, value, momentum, and quality capture priced economic risks (driven by a mix of fundamentals and behaviors) that should earn expected premia over time.

Additional details are available on our index site.


Disclosures

  • All returns are total returns and include the reinvestment of distributions (e.g., dividends).
  • QV INDEX NET = Quarterly rebalanced, equal-weight, total returns including dividends. Alpha Architect calculations through 10/31/2014; Solactive calculations thereafter (Official index is QVAL Index). Net 2% in costs.
  • QM INDEX NET = Quarterly rebalanced, equal-weight, total returns including dividends. Alpha Architect calculations through 12/31/2015; Solactive calculations thereafter (Official index is QMOM Index). Net 2% in costs.
  • IQV INDEX NET = Semi-annually rebalanced, equal-weight, total returns including dividends. Alpha Architect calculations through 12/31/2014; Solactive calculations thereafter (Official index is IVAL Index). Net 2% in costs.
  • IQM INDEX NET = Quarterly rebalanced, equal-weight, total returns including dividends. Alpha Architect calculations through 12/31/2015; Solactive calculations thereafter (Official index is IMOM Index). Net 3% in costs.
  • SP500 = S&P 500 Total Return Index.
  • EAFE= MSCI EAFE Total Return Index.
  • Performance figures contained herein are hypothetical, unaudited and prepared by Alpha Architect, LLC; hypothetical results are intended for illustrative purposes only. Past performance is not indicative of future results, which may vary. Index returns are for illustrative purposes only and do not represent actual fund performance.   Index performance returns do not reflect any management fees, transaction costs, or expenses, which would reduce returns.  Indexes are unmanaged and one cannot invest directly in an index.
  • Please see the disclosures at the end of this document for additional information.

  • The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Alpha Architect, its affiliates or its employees. Our full disclosures are available here. Definitions of common statistics used in our analysis are available here (towards the bottom).
  • Join thousands of other readers and subscribe to our blog.
  • This site provides NO information on our value ETFs or our momentum ETFs. Please refer to this site.

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