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Low-Volatility or Low-Beta Research

The Quality Factor—What Exactly Is It?

By |2019-10-22T07:26:53-05:00October 22nd, 2019|Quality Investing, Research Insights, Factor Investing, Low Volatility Investing|

While the quality factor has been identified in the literature (including papers such as “Buffett’s Alpha,” “Global Return Premiums on Earnings Quality, Value, and Size,” and “The Excess Returns of ‘Quality’ Stocks: A Behavioral Anomaly”), [...]

Can We Explain the Low Volatility Anomaly?

By |2019-08-22T09:12:16-05:00August 29th, 2019|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Larry Swedroe, Academic Research Insight, Low Volatility Investing, Active and Passive Investing|

One of the big problems for the first formal asset pricing model developed by financial economists, the CAPM, was that it predicts a positive relation between risk and return. But empirical studies have found the [...]

Betting Against Beta (BAB) Construction

By |2019-08-06T10:44:36-05:00August 6th, 2019|Research Insights, Low Volatility Investing|

One of the more popular equity strategies over the past decade is low volatility investing. Simply put, this is a systematic strategy that invests in stocks with lower volatility, either measured by Beta or standard [...]

Can Low Vol Strategies Be Improved

By |2019-07-29T10:42:55-05:00July 30th, 2019|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Value Investing Research, Low Volatility Investing|

My Advisor Perspective article of June 17, 2019 discussed the regime shifting nature of the low volatility anomaly—low volatility stocks have outperformed high volatility stocks, providing both higher returns while experiencing lower volatility. For example, [...]

Factor Investing Research On Steroids

By |2019-06-18T13:04:25-05:00June 18th, 2019|Quality Investing, Factor Investing, Value Investing Research, Momentum Investing Research, Low Volatility Investing|

Factor Premia and Factor Timing: A Century of Evidence Antti Ilmanen, Ronen Israel, Toby Moskowitz, Ashwin Thapar, and Franklin WangWorking paperA version of this paper can be found here What are the research questions? Do the [...]

Compound Your Knowledge Ep. 14: Sentiment and Bonds, Volatility, & ESG

By |2019-06-18T09:04:21-05:00June 3rd, 2019|Compound Your Knowledge, Research Insights, Factor Investing, Podcasts and Video, Media, Low Volatility Investing|

In this week's video, we examine four articles. The first article, written by Elisabetta, examines a trading strategy on bonds (duration) using news sentiment. The second article, written by Larry Swedroe, examines two papers using [...]

Volatility Targeting Improves Risk-Adjusted Returns

By |2019-05-21T13:18:18-05:00May 22nd, 2019|Research Insights, Larry Swedroe, Other Insights, Low Volatility Investing, Tactical Asset Allocation Research|

There’s a large body of research, including the 2017 study “Tail Risk Mitigation with Managed Volatility Strategies” by Anna Dreyer and Stefan Hubrich, that demonstrates that, while past returns do not predict future returns, past [...]

Volatility Anomalies: IVOL and Vol-of-Vol

By |2019-05-21T11:53:51-05:00May 21st, 2019|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Larry Swedroe, Low Volatility Investing|

Two of the more interesting puzzles in finance are related to volatility—stocks with greater idiosyncratic volatility (IVOL) have produced lower returns and stocks with high uncertainty about risk, as measured by the volatility of expected [...]

Low Volatility Can Be Low Turnover

By |2019-02-25T08:57:46-05:00February 25th, 2019|Research Insights, Basilico and Johnsen, Low Volatility Investing|

Low Volatility Needs Little Trading Pim van Vliet Journal of Portfolio Management A version of this paper can be found here Want to read our summaries of academic finance papers? Check out our Academic Research Insight [...]

Video: Alpha Architect Weekly Research Recap (Jack & Ryan)

By |2018-09-17T08:11:56-05:00September 14th, 2018|Research Insights, Podcasts and Video, Academic Research Insight, Weekly Research Recap Videos, Low Volatility Investing|

You can watch the video via the link below: Video Summary Ryan and I discuss three articles published on our blog this week. First, we examine a summary by Larry Swedroe that highlights the Betting [...]

How Leverage Constraints Effect Mutual Fund Risk Taking

By |2018-09-14T15:56:24-05:00September 13th, 2018|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Larry Swedroe, Low Volatility Investing|

The 2014 study by Andrea Frazzini and Lasse Heje Pedersen, “Betting Against Beta,” found strong support for low-beta strategies. I’ve previously written on low-beta strategies here. This paper finds that, for U.S. stocks, the betting [...]

The Conservative Formula: Quantitative Investing made Easy

By |2018-09-05T10:14:34-05:00September 11th, 2018|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Value Investing Research, Momentum Investing Research, Low Volatility Investing|

The Conservative Formula: Quantitative Investing made Easy Pim van Vliet and David Blitz A version of this paper can be found here. Want to read our summaries of academic finance papers? Check out our Academic Research Insight category. [...]

Deconstructing the Low Volatility/Low Beta Anomaly

By |2018-07-20T12:12:26-05:00July 12th, 2018|Research Insights, Low Volatility Investing, Active and Passive Investing|

One of the big problems for the first formal asset pricing model developed by financial economists, the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), was that it predicts a positive relationship between risk and return. However, the [...]

Explaining the Beta Anomaly

By |2018-06-27T09:40:49-05:00June 28th, 2018|Research Insights, Low Volatility Investing, Active and Passive Investing|

The superior performance of low-beta and low-volatility stocks was documented in the literature back in the 1970s — by Fischer Black (in 1972) among others — even before the size and value premiums were “discovered.” [...]

Investor Attention and the Low Volatility Anomaly

By |2018-05-20T11:58:54-05:00May 24th, 2018|Research Insights, Low Volatility Investing, Active and Passive Investing|

One of the big problems for the first formal asset pricing model developed by financial economists, the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), was that it predicts a positive relationship between risk and return. However, the [...]

Explaining the Demand for Higher Beta Stocks

By |2018-05-17T07:52:53-05:00May 17th, 2018|Research Insights, Low Volatility Investing, Active and Passive Investing|

The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) indicates returns should go up linearly as beta increases (in other words, risk and return are positively related). However, as I’ve previously discussed, the historical evidence demonstrates that, while [...]

Are Factors Better and More Diversifying Than Asset Classes?

By |2018-02-23T11:06:14-05:00February 23rd, 2018|Factor Investing, Trend Following, Guest Posts, Low Volatility Investing|

Executive Summary Factor investing promises outperformance at low cost. But to add value in a portfolio, it must deliver positive risk-adjusted returns and with low correlation to existing holdings. Historically, pure factor exposures have earned [...]

Can asset bubbles be mathematically quantified before they burst?

By |2017-11-13T13:08:42-05:00November 14th, 2017|Research Insights, Guest Posts, Low Volatility Investing, Macroeconomics Research|

The subject of asset bubbles and market crashes has fascinated me for more than 20 years. As an options market maker for Susquehanna International Group ("SIG"), extreme price movements were a daily source of concern. I [...]

Swedroe Spotlight: Explaining the Low Risk Effect

By |2017-08-18T16:56:28-05:00February 21st, 2017|Research Insights, Larry Swedroe, $usmv, Guest Posts, $iwb, $SPLV, Low Volatility Investing|

Before proceeding, it’s important to note that beta and volatility are related, though not the same. Beta depends on volatility and correlation to the market, whereas volatility is related to idiosyncratic risk (see here for an explanation of how to calculate the different measures). The superior performance of low-volatility and low-beta stocks was first documented in the literature in the 1970s — by Fischer Black (in 1972) among others — even before the size and value premiums were “discovered.” And the low-volatility anomaly has been shown to exist in equity markets around the world. Interestingly, this finding is true not only for stocks, but for bonds as well. In other words, it has been pervasive.

Will ETFs Destroy Factor Investing? Nope.

By |2018-04-05T10:33:09-05:00February 17th, 2017|Research Insights, Factor Investing, Guest Posts, Value Investing Research, Momentum Investing Research, Low Volatility Investing, Size Investing Research|

One of the popular investing truisms is the following (inspired by Bill Sharpe): For somebody to beat the market (win) someone else has to lag the market (lose). This becomes an even more daunting (efficient [...]